The development of medicine is largely due to the use of modern methods of radio physics, electronics and computer technology. The use of magnetic resonance, positron, gamma and X-ray computer tomographers, ultrasound scanners, electro- and magnetometer systems, other electronic equipment has become an integral part of medical diagnostics, and the use of laser and high-frequency devices, navigational surgical systems is a key to effective treatment
For the development of physical bases of new medical technologies, technical and informational devices for their support, conducting medical and biological examinations with radio-physical methods, efficient use of complex electronic equipment in clinical practice need technicians. On the one hand, they have thorough training in mathematics, physics, electronics, computer technology, and on the other hand, they know the basics of medical knowledge, specifics of physical methods in medicine, medical technology and medical informatics. The need to train such specialists for Ukraine led to the creation of the Department of Medical Radiophysics.
The department was organized in 1995 on the initiative of the Academic Council of the Faculty of Radiophysics. The decision was approved by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the Coordinating Council for Priority Development of Science and Technology “Human Health” under the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the State Committee of Ukraine for Science and Technology. The decisive role in the organization of the department was played by the university authorities support of this initiative in accordance with the resolution of the University Academic Council of June, 5th, 1995 according to the Rector’s Decree of June 9 at the Faculty of Radiophysics. The head of the department was appointed Assoc. MK Novoselets.
When developing the concept of specialization was taken into account the experience of training specialists at the special Radiation Physics Faculty in 1992-1995 for the specialty “Radiophysical Methods of Diagnostics” (Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Radiation Physics at the Special Faculty M.K. Novoselets). The experience in teaching students according to individual plans of deep study of radiophysical methods for medicine and biology at the departments of cryogenic and microelectronics (the head of the chair was Prof. M.G. Nakhodkin) and semiconductor electronics (the head of the chair was Prof. O.V. Tretiak) was also used.
At the time of its establishment, the chair was staffed by four full-time lecturers: Prof. P.A. Korotkov, associate professor M.I. Malyi, associate professor M.K. Novoselets, assistant V.A. Tsubin. In adition the following part-time members joined the chair. They are the Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, prof. P.G. Kostyuk, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, prof. I.S. Magura, Corresponding Member NAS of Ukraine, prof. V.G. Sagach, prof. Yu. P. Lymansky, prof. D.O. Solovyov, prof. V.L. Seagal, Scientific Secretary of the Department T.V. Rozhdestvenska. The research and engineering staff included G. M. Dmytryk, A. I. Ivanisik, and A. I. Pysanky, leading engineer V. I. Rudіtsya, engineers S. P. Radchenko, I. V. Tverdokhlib, N. J. Marynkevych, N. V. Synytska, senior laboratory technicians R. G. Skybenko, L. M. Klymuk, technician O. E. Yefremova, trainee P. F. Kovadlo.
To increase the level of training of specialists in medical radiophysics for institutions of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Ukrainian Academy of Medical Sciences, Ukrainian Ministry of Health, various branches of the national economy, to expand the educational and research base in 1996 the chair signed an agreement about joint activity with the main chair of molecular physiology and biophysics (the head of the chair was Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, prof. Kostyuk) of the Kiev branch of the MIPT of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (now the Physics and Technology Research Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine), which was approved by the rector of the university and the president of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
In February 1997, by the order of the rector of the university, a joint department of targeted training in medical radiophysics with the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was opened, headed by Prof. I.S. Magura was opened. According to the agreement on joint activity between the university and scientific and innovative enterprise “Intermag” for the educational process and scientific research was also used the base of educational and scientific diagnostic center of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. The Center was supported financially by the Yale University (USA) and the Information Center of Telemedicine of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. In 1997 the senior researcher of the Department of Cryogenic and Microelectronics M.V. Kononov, who had actively cooperated with the Department of Radiophysics in the field of application of computerized data processing for medical purposes, was appointed the Associate Professor.
In 2003 the department was headed by Assoc. prof. docent M.Kononov. Researchers who are now associate professors – S.P. Radchenko, A.I. Ivanisik, O.O. Sudakov and Ph.D. in biology, Assist. O.O. Kysil joined the teaching staff. In 2004 Yu. A. Osypenko was enrolled in the position of engineer of the chair.
Later the lectures in biophysics of complex systems were given by Prof. O. O. Luk’yanets (Doctor of Biological Sciences., Laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine, Acting Head of the Department of General Physiology of the Nervous System of the Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine).
In addition to full-time teachers, leading specialists of academic institutes are involved in lecturing through the Department of Targeted Training of the Kyiv National University at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. For many years the course “Biophysics of complex systems” was taught by Prof. D.M. Govorun (Corresponding member of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Biology, deputy director of the Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences), since 1999 Dr. of Technical Sciences M.M. Budnyk, the chief scientist of the Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, has been involved in lecturing the course “Medical Electronics”. The course “Fundamentals of Biophysical Experiment” was lectured by Prof. Ya.M.(Doctor of Biological Sciences, Laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine, Head of the Department of Neuromuscular Physiology of the Bogomolets Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). Professor VG Litovchenko (Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Laureate of the State Prizes of Ukraine, Honored Worker of Science and Technology, Department of Surface Physics and Microelectronics, V.E. Lashkarev Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine) taught a course in semiconductor electronics for several years.
It has become a tradition at the department to invite leading foreign scientists and specialists for presentations and lecture cycles. Prof. J. Schütz from the Westphalian Wilhelm University, Münster (Germany) annually gave lectures on radiation diagnostics and radiation therapy. Dr. L. Heinrich, Vice President of the company “Creavis Technologies and Innovation/Degussa” (Germany) (founder of Marcotech OHG, which specializes in the production of new medical materials, professor at the University of Westphalia, Münster) annually in English taught the special course “New Medical Technology. Principles, Materials and System Solutions” and held seminars “International Patent and Competition Analysis”.
The series of lectures on telemedicine was read by prof. R. Satava from Yale University (USA), on biomedical materials – prof. H. Hocker from the University of Aachen (Germany), on sensor medical systems – President of the company “JENASENCORIC EV” Dr. H. Ahlers (Germany).
The department developed a model of magnetic resonance reconstruction in non-stationary heterogeneous magnetic fields for accelerated optimal reconstruction of two-dimensional and three-dimensional images (under the guidance of M. Novoselets).
Since 1996, the department has been working on the study of methods for restoring the structure and functions of biological systems at different levels using magnetic resonance, methods of constructing X-ray tomographic images, methods of reducing the dose load in X-ray studies.
Since 2001, the development and use of the computing cluster and grid resources of the University’s Information and Computing Center [http://cluster.univ.kiev.ua/] has been carried out within the framework of joint projects with the Technical Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine [https://nll.biomed.kiev.ua/contacts] by the Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Enamine company, which works in the field of pharmacology, the Squad company, which works in the field of information technologies; Institute of Innovative Microelectronics, Frankfurt (Oder), Germany; research center of Jülich (Germany); Technical University of Berlin (Germany); Weierstrass Institute for Applied Statistics and Stochastics (Germany); European Center for Nuclear Research; Institute of Oncology of the Medical Academy of Ukraine.
Thus, O.O. Sudakov is one of the developers of the computing cluster and grid resources of the Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University and some resources of the Ukrainian grid infrastructure, the developer of unique software tools for modeling large connected dynamic networks,
such as biological neural networks, with the help of heterogeneous parallelization tools (graphics accelerators, multi-processors, workstation networks, clusters, grid), co-author of the discovery and study of steady states with chaos and coherence in three-dimensional connected dynamical networks [https://nll.biomed.kiev.ua/publications]. Together with graduate student V. Gaidar, he developed a method for detecting and predicting epileptic seizures, and with graduate student A. Danyk developed a technology for radiation-free compensation of scattered radiation in X-ray dianostics.
The department conducts research in the field of plasma medicine and plasma chemistry. In particular, the work on the interaction of low-temperature chemically active atmospheric pressure plasma with biological objects is carried out in collaboration with scientists from the Department of Physical Electronics (FRECS, KNU), the Department of Plant Biology (NSC “Institute of Biology and Medicine”, KNU) and the Institute of Evolutionary Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.